If your laptop can't handle Windows 10, follow these steps and learn how to turn it into a Chromebook instead.
Buying a laptop used to involve a straight choice between two operating systems – Windows or Mac OS X. But now there's Google's Chrome OS, which offers a low-cost third option.
Chromebooks running the cloud-based operating system have become very popular and it's easy to see why. They are affordable because as long as you're happy to carry out most of your work on the web and in your browser, they don't require much expensive processing power.
The same principle can be applied to an old PC, so although it may not be able to run the latest version of Windows, your old computer may still have more than enough power to run the Chrome operating system.
For those who are ready to shift from desktop to cloud applications such as Google Docs, CloudReady brings the Chromebook experience to your PC. A business licence costs US$49 per computer per year, but it's free to download for personal or experimental use.
CloudReady can either replace your existing Windows installation or run alongside it.
What you'll need
In addition to the CloudReady image file, which is a 600MB download from www.neverware.com, you'll need the Chromebook Recovery Utility. This is an official Google tool that lets you create recovery drives for Chromebooks but it can also be used to install Chrome OS (via CloudReady) on your PC. It requires the Chrome browser to work. You also need an empty USB flash drive (or SD card) to write the installer to. This should have a capacity of at least 8GB, though 16GB would be better.
This isn't a quick and easy process, so make sure you set aside plenty of time. And until you get proficient at it, practice with a PC that you don't depend on for your work.
Don't forget to back up! Installing CloudReady will wipe everything on your computer, so before you do anything, make sure you back up all your important files. That includes everything in your Documents folder, as well as files that are hidden away -- such as those for some accounting and email applications (like Outlook) -- plus music, photos and so on. To be safe, we recommend backing up to two different media, such as an external hard drive and cloud storage service.
Turn your old laptop into a Chromebook with CloudReady
- Go to www.neverware.com/freedownload and select either the 32-bit or 62-bit download file. Don't unzip the CloudReady download yet, because it might cause problems.
- Insert a blank USB flash drive (or one you don't might losing the data on), open the Chrome we browser, then install and run the Chromebook Recovery Utility. Do not click the 'Get started' button. Instead, click the gear icon and choose 'Use local image'.
- Navigate to the saved file and select the media you want to use for the installation. Make sure you select the correct drive. Click Continue and confirm that the details on the next page are correct. Assuming they are, click 'Create now'. OK the UAC prompt that appears.
- Creating a recovery image should only take a few minutes – don't unplug the USB drive during the process. When it's done, restart your PC and boot from the USB drive. The CloudReady installer will load. Set your language, keyboard, and network, then click Continue to begin the installation process.
- During installation, you'll need to agree to install Flash, then sign into your 'Chromebook' using your existing Google account. If you don't have an account or want to create a new one to use with CloudReady, click 'More options' and choose 'Create new account'. Click Next and enter your password.
- Choose a picture to use for your account and you'll be offered the chance to take a tour of your new device. All the apps can be accessed through the launcher in the bottom-right corner. The System Tray provides access to the settings, which is where you'll find the option to install CloudReady.
- Click the Install CloudReady button. You'll have the option of installing it as a standalone operating system (which will completely erase anything on your hard drive) or as a dual boot alongside Windows. If you select the latter, you'll be able to choose between loading Windows or CloudReady when you boot up.
Run CloudReady on VirtualBox
If you want to try CloudReady without installing it on your PC, you can set it up temporarily using VirtualBox. This isn't as straightforward as setting up other operating systems, such as the different versions of Linux, because the download comes as a BIN image file and you'll need to convert this into a format that VirtualBox can work with before you do anything else. Fortunately, this isn't difficult to do.
Unzip the chromiumos_image.bin file, click Start, type cmd and launch the Command Prompt. Inside the window, type: “c:\program files\oracle\virtualbox\VBoxManage.exe” convertfromraw “C:\Users\[username]\Downloads\chromiumos_image.bin” cloudready.vdi
You'll need to add your username and the name of the location you saved the BIN file to. If for any reason you can't find the saved file, search your hard drive for cloudready.vdi and copy it to the Desktop.
Launch VirtualBox and click New. In the Name box, enter cloudready. Set the type as 'Other' and the version as 'Other/Unknown', then click Next. Assign a minimum of 2GB RAM to the OS, click Next and, in the Hard Disk box, select 'Use an existing virtual hard disk file'. Click the folder icon and browse to the cloudready.vdi file. Click Open, then click Create. Make sure the CloudReady entry is selected on the left and click Settings. Go to System, Motherboard and tick 'Enable I/O APIC' and 'Enable EFI'. Next, select the Processor tab (still under Settings) and tick 'Enable PAE/NX' next to Extended Features. Increase the number of processors from one to two or more. Finally, click Display on the left, change video memory to 128MB and tick 'Enable 3D Acceleration'. Click OK and the changes will be applied.
With CloudReady selected in VirtualBox, click the Start button at the top. The virtual machine will start and the memory will be tested. Once that's complete, CloudReady will load and you're ready to set it up.
Navigating CloudReady is fairly simple. You access your apps through the launcher and browse the web through Chromium. The system tray icon lets you switch Google accounts, manage your internet connection, adjust the volume and access Settings. You can also shutdown the OS or lock it.
The Settings screen lets you manage your internet connection and install and update media plug-ins such as Flash. You can also set the wallpaper, get themes, and adjust settings for the mouse, keyboard and display. The Advanced Settings screen lets you manage the date and time (you'll probably need to change this because we found CloudReady couldn't identify our location correctly, so it was displaying the wrong time), as well as privacy settings, languages and downloads.
Right-click a blank area of the Desktop to bring up a context menu that lets you autohide the shelf (the Chrome OS equivalent of the Windows taskbar) and change its position. By default, it sits at the bottom of the screen but it can be positioned on the left- or right-hand sides, which is useful for widescreen monitors.
Change the background
The dull, grey default background is one of the first things you'll want to change in Chrome OS. Browse the web until you find an image you'd like to use as Desktop wallpaper. You can also use a photo of your own if it's stored in Google Drive (you'll need to download the Google Drive app from the Web Store).
To change the background, right-click the Desktop and select Set Wallpaper. Click the plus symbol under Custom, then Choose File and select the wallpaper to use from either Google Drive or Downloads. You can adjust the position of the image, which can be centred, cropped or stretched.
Install some apps
There are lots of apps to choose from, but we'd definitely recommend the following:
- Google Drive: Store and access all your files through Google's cloud-storage service
- VLC for Chrome OS: An excellent media player that can handle any audio or video file
- Evernote: The popular note-taking app
- Kindle Cloud Reader: Read ebooks directly in the Chromium web browser.